Birding Tour In Nepal

Makalu Adventure is the life member of Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN) and has been actively participating in a number of BCN activities. We have a comprehensive bird watching programs within various parts of Nepal with expert guides possessing in depth knowledge of the areas and the bird species. Please contact us for further details should you wish to undertake any of the Makalu Adventure Bird Watching programs in Nepal.

Nepal boasts 868 recorded species of birds. An ardent bird watcher can travel the length and breadth of Nepal doing little else but bird watching. Birding is possible everywhere in Nepal from the hot plains in the south, the Kathmandu Valley in the mid hills, to the mountainous regions of the north.

The Kathmandu Valley has four major bird watching areas, and one can start on the banks of the Bagmati and Manohra rivers. Birds sighted along these rivers are the Egrets, Herons, Kingfishers, Ibisbill, Wood Sandpipers and Plovers. The Chobar gorge is particularly recommended as an area for birds as its isolation from human habitation has encouraged their presence.

Phulchowki is another ideal site, with a Red-headed Trogan, a very rare bird sighted there in April 2000. (It was last seen in Nepal 44 years ago.) Phulchowki is 2760 metres and 18kms southeast of Kathmandu, and is reached via Godavari and the Botanical gardens. Walking can start from behind the gardens, with a combination of trails and roads. The hillside is covered with forest featuring outstanding flora as well as diverse birds. About 90 species have been recorded in this area including the endemic Spring Babbler, as well as the Cutia, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Rufous Bellied Pied Woodpeckers and the Black-throated Parrotbill, to name a few.

Two other areas of the valley are The Shivapuri National park, 12kms north of the city, and Nagarjun in the North West. Shivapuri can be reached two ways, either from Sundarijal or Budanilkantha. The reserve is managed by the Nepalese Army and it costs NRs. 250/- for foreigners to enter. (NRs. 1,000/- is charged for a movie or video camera). Some of the birds in this area are the Laughing Thrush, Crested Serpent Eagle, Little Pied Fly Catchers, Ruby – Throats, and Babblers. At Nagarjun at 2105 metres pheasants, magpies, sunbirds and ruby-throats are found. Himalayan Flameback (Dinopium shorii

Koshi Barrage and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve are in the eastern Terai, to the far east of Nepal. The Koshi is great for waterfowl and waders, with about 26 varieties of ducks alone. Here the method of viewing is by boat, gliding through the waters in the stillness of the early morning and evenings. Over 450 species have been sighted here, including Black Ibis, Honey Kites, Ospreys, Black Headed Orioles, Peregrine Falcon, Partidges, and storks.

Chitwan is in the lowlands of Nepal, known as the Terai. The Royal Chitwan National Park is the best known site in Nepal for bird-watching. Bird watching needs to be done from the safety of a chair, the back of an elephant or in a jeep (by far the last In Pokhara, 200 kilometers west of Kathmandu, the forests around the banks of Phewa Lake and Begnas Lake are ideal for bird watching, particularly in the less inhabited areas. In winter around Phewa Lake you find egrets, herons, pipits, buntings plus gulls, terns, ducks and falcons. Begnas Lake has slopes and wet fields surrounding it, where ducks, pheasant-tailed Jacana, Happie Grey Bellied Tesias, and bulbuls are seen.

Royal Bardia National Park is covered with Sal forest and riverine forest and grassland much like Chitwan, but Bardia has the mighty Karnali river flowing by the park. Boating on the Karnali is a great way to see the birds, and one would see the Ruddy Shellduck, Oriental Pied Hornbills, Night Herons and Purple Herons, plus many more. In the higher areas of Nepal the trek routes are good for birdwatching, including the Jomson Trek, the Annapurna. Recently a rare bird known as Jerdon’s Baza was sighted in Nepal. Over the past few years a conservation group has worked specifically in the Lumbini area to conserve the Sarus Crane. Wetlands have been constructed in the Lumbini area to provide refuge for Sarus Cranes and other wetland birds.

Four hundred thousand saplings have been planted in the area of the crane sanctuary. The cranes are among the world’s most endangered of birds, the world s tallest flying bird, it is thought there are fewer than 500 remaining in Nepal. In dedication to the Sarus Crane a thangka has been made called Wheel of Crane Conservation for use as educational material, with the art based on the Buddhist wheel of life philosophy.

PAC24F75468BLACK-FRANCOLINBLACK FRANCOLIN
Francolinus francolinus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PAC310CC94ESWAMP-FRANCOLINSWAMP FRANCOLIN
Francolinus gularis
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PACA99BED2DCOMMON-QUAILCOMMON QUAIL
Coturnix coturnix
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park


PACC0C1C2DFRED-JUNGLEFOWL
RED JUNGLEFOWL
Gallus gallus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Patnali Forest


PAC23E32DB0KALIJ-PHEASANTKALIJ PHEASANT
Lophura leucomelanos
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki


PACDA597184INDIAN-PEAFOWLINDIAN PEAFOWL
Pavo cristatus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC3F230A24LESSER-WHISTLING-DUCKLESSER WHISTLING-DUCK
Dendrocygna javanica
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan


PAC483B54F3COTTON-PYGMY-GOOSECOTTON PYGMY-GOOSE
Nettapus coromandelianus
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage


PAC8BFB55F2GADWALLGADWALL
Anas strepera
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage


PACED09B5F8EURASIAN-WIGEONEURASIAN WIGEON
Anas penelope
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage


PACBFAFFD06NORTHERN-SHOVELERNORTHERN SHOVELER
Anas clypeata
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC344ECC00RUDDY-SHELDUCKRUDDY SHELDUCK
Tadorna ferruginea
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PACE43B9431NORTHERN-PINTAILNORTHERN PINTAIL
Anas acuta
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PACA62A60EAGARGANEYGARGANEY
Anas querquedula
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Rani Tal


PAC5031419FCOMMON-TEALCOMMON TEAL
Anas crecca
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC9CA73372COMMON-POCHARDCOMMON POCHARD
Aythya ferina
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC498B7FB8FERRUGINOUS-POCHARDFERRUGINOUS POCHARD
Aythya nyroca
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC675D8EA9SMALL-BUTTONQUAILSMALL BUTTONQUAIL
Turnix sylvatica


PACB33D6A39BROWN-CAPPED-PYGMY-WOODPECKERBROWN-CAPPED PYGMY
Dendrocopos nanus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park


PAC72DA04EBGREY-CAPPED-PYGMY-WOODPECKERGREY-CAPPED PYGMY
Dendrocopos canicapillus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PAC9AAA0A86FULVOUS-BREASTED-WOODPECKERFULVOUS-BREASTED
Dendrocopos macei
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PAC7B61252BYELLOW-CROWNED-WOODPECKERYELLOW-CROWNED
Dendrocopos mahrattensis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park


PAC8FC3F2F4DARJEELING-WOODPECKERDARJEELING WOODPECKER
Dendrocopos darjellensis
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki


PAC7FD41FD8RUFOUS-WOODPECKERRUFOUS WOODPECKER
Celeus brachyurus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PAC4FEB8FA4LESSER-YELLOWNAPELESSER YELLOWNAPE
Picus chlorolophus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PAC8AB339E2GREATER-YELLOWNAPEGREATER YELLOWNAPE
Picus flavinucha
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PAC9A01BA32STREAK-THROATED-WOODPECKERSTREAK-THROATED
Picus flavinucha
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PACAF4261B5GREY-HEADED-WOODPECKERGREY-HEADED WOODPECKER
Picus canus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PAC9413EB82HIMALAYAN-FLAMEBACKHIMALAYAN FLAMEBACK
Dinopium shorii
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Patnali Forest


PAC9E3B5E18BLACK-RUMPED-FLAMEBACKBLACK-RUMPED FLAMEBACK
Dinopium benghalense
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC3D0B6617GREATER-FLAMEBACKGREATER FLAMEBACK
Chrysocolaptes lucidus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PACE4C6D220WHITE-NAPED-WOODPECKERWHITE-NAPED WOODPECKER
Chrysocolaptes festivus


PAC0765DCA4GREAT-SLATY-WOODPECKERGREAT SLATY WOODPECKER
Mulleripicus pulverulentus


PACC1A0D8BFGREAT-BARBETGREAT BARBET
Megalaima virens
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki


PAC0E562CFDLINEATED-BARBETLINEATED BARBET
Megalaima lineata
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Patnali Forest


PAC72261B32GOLDEN-THROATED-BARBETGOLDEN-THROATED BARBET
Megalaima franklinii
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki


PACBE5AEB95BLUE-THROATED-BARBETBLUE-THROATED BARBET
Megalaima asiatica
FOUND IN:
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Pashupatinath
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Patnali Forest


PAC1C9C0BF3COPPERSMITH-BARBETCOPPERSMITH BARBET
Megalaima haemacephala
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Hetauda
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Patnali Forest


PACB65447DEINDIAN-GREY-HORNBILLINDIAN GREY HORNBILL
Ocyceros birostris
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park


PACF24C0CDFORIENTAL-PIED-HORNBILLORIENTAL PIED HORNBILL
Anthracoceros albirostris
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PACC06E2893COMMON-HOOPOECOMMON HOOPOE
Upupa epops
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Kathmandu
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PAC4D1747AERED-HEADED-TROGONRED-HEADED TROGON
Harpactes erythrocephalus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park


PAC8BDF4EE8INDIAN-ROLLERINDIAN ROLLER
Coracias benghalensis
FOUND IN:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Hetauda
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Royal Chitwan National Park
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan
Royal Bardia National Park


PACDBFEB09BDOLLARBIRDDOLLAR BIRD
Eurystomus orientalis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Patnali Forest


PAC0D68B12CCOMMON-KINGFISHERCOMMON KINGFISHER
Alcedo atthis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Hetauda
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan


PAC0738E7CFBLUE-EARED-KINGFISHERBLUE-EARED KINGFISHER
Alcedo meninting
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park


PAC25AFF50DSTORK-BILLED-KINGFISHERSTORK-BILLED KINGFISHER
Halcyon capensis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan


PACC348B3B3WHITE-THROATED-KINGFISHERWHITE-THROATED KINGFISHER
Halcyon smyrnensis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Hetauda
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan


PACB712CD3FPIED-KINGFISHERPIED KINGFISHER
Ceryle rudis
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Royal Bardia National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC15BB48B7BLUE-BEARDED-BEE-EATERBLUE-BEARDED BEE-EATER
Nyctyornis athertoni
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Patnali Forest


PAC9A8B8550GREEN-BEE-EATERGREEN BEE-EATER
Merops orientalis
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Kosi Barrage
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Kosi Barrage


PAC90962B0CBLUE-TAILED-BEE-EATERBLUE-TAILED BEE-EATER
Merops philippinus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs


PAC92FB02EDCHESTNUT-HEADED-BEE-EATERCHESTNUT-HEADED BEE-EATER
Merops leschenaulti
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Patnali Forest


PACE643048BCHESTNUT-WINGED-CUCKOOCHESTNUT-WINGED CUCKOO
Clamator coromandus
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park


PACB7108834LARGE-HAWK-CUCKOOLARGE HAWK CUCKOO
Hierococcyx sparverioides
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki


PAC5DA38CCFCOMMON-HAWK-CUCKOOCOMMON HAWK CUCKOO
Hierococcyx varius
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PACF0C08E5BINDIAN-CUCKOOINDIAN CUCKOO
Cuculus micropterus
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Patnali Forest


PAC2A5733A5EURASIAN-CUCKOOEURASIAN CUCKOO
Cuculus canorus
FOUND IN:
Pashupatinath
Royal Chitwan National Park


PAC47748776ORIENTAL-CUCKOOORIENTAL CUCKOO
Cuculus saturatus
FOUND IN:
Phulchowki
Royal Chitwan National Park


PAC1458E49AGREY-BELLIED-CUCKOOGREY-BELLIED CUCKOO
Cacomantis passerinus
FOUND IN:
Patnali Forest


PACADE415FFDRONGO-CUCKOODRONGO CUCKOO
Surniculus lugubris
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park


PACFDF28F95ASIAN-KOELASIAN KOEL
Eudynamys scolopacea
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Hetauda
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Pashupatinath


PAC4E9AFA7DGREEN-BILLED-MALKOHAGREEN-BILLED MALKOHA
Phaenicophaeus tristis
FOUND IN:
Royal Chitwan National Park
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


PAC8492418ASIRKEER-MALKOHASIRKEER MALKOHA
Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii
FOUND IN:
Royal Bardia National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and environs
Twenty Thousand Lakes area, near Chitwan


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